Authors: Beutel BG, Melamed E
Combined simultaneous radial wrist extensor injuries, namely ipsilateral extensor carpi radialis longus (ECRL) and brevis (ECRB) avulsion fractures, are rare. While non-operative management with cast immobilization has been described, most recommend operative intervention in the acute setting. Surgical repair of chronic injuries, however, has received little attention in the literature. This case describes a 50-year-old male who sustained combined ipsilateral ECRL and ECRB avulsion fractures from the bases of the index and middle metacarpals. Five months after the initial trauma, he underwent surgical repair with lengthening of the tendons using a novel technique and suture anchor fixation. This case demonstrates that successful repair of this...
Authors: Head LK, Wolff G, Boyd KU
A 25-year-old man sustained a right-sided brachial plexus injury from a high-velocity motocross accident. Physical examination and electromyography were consistent with a pan-brachial plexopathy with no evidence of axonal continuity. The patient underwent a spinal accessory to suprascapular nerve transfer and an intercostal to musculocutaneous nerve transfer with interpositional sural nerve grafts. He recovered MRC 4/5 elbow flexion and MRC 2/5 shoulder abduction and external rotation. Twenty-two months post-injury the patient displayed a flicker of flexion of his flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum profundus to his index finger - he went on to recover a functional pinch. Thirty-six months post-injury the patient displayed a flick...
Authors: Rastogi P, Stewart DA, Lawson RD, Tremblay DM, Smith BJ, Tonkin MA
PMID: 30760137 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
We report a case of complete laceration of both flexor tendons in the dominant ring finger of a young male caused by a closed volar fracture fragment of the proximal phalanx. Careful clinical examination, reasonable index of suspicion and ultrasound confirmation play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and surgical planning of this rare yet consequential injury. Good outcomes can be achieved from the surgical management and rehabilitation of both soft tissue and bony injuries when planning of surgical approaches and fixation techniques are facilitated by an accurate pre-operative diagnosis.
PMID: 30760150 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSIONS: Good clinical results were maintained at 5 years after surgery, but progression of postoperative wrist osteoarthritis interfered with improvement of wrist flexion. Change in the radioscaphoid angle was the factor that was most highly correlated with progression of postoperative wrist osteoarthritis.
PMID: 30760138 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSIONS: Clinical studies related to hand surgery published in general orthopedic journals are most often of lower quality study design. Having a larger sample size or using a comparative study or randomized clinical trial design can improve the quality of study and may ultimately increase the impact factor of hand surgery journals.
PMID: 30760151 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSIONS: Local flaps are reliable operations to cover fingertip defects. Each flap has potential pitfalls, which may be avoided if the surgeon is aware of them.
PMID: 30760139 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSIONS: According to this study, patients with scaphoid fractures are significantly more likely to show a negative UV than matched patients with wrist contusions.
PMID: 30760152 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSIONS: In this large, longitudinal, multicenter cohort of burn survivors, nearly all patients noted the presence of scarring, and a majority noted additional symptoms and morbidity related to their scars even at 2 years after injury. This study demonstrates a need for the continued support of burn survivors to address scar-related morbidity. Furthermore, future studies examining the impact of novel treatments for scarring should use similar scar problem questionnaires and distress scores.
PMID: 30724824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Hand Surgery)
CONCLUSION: The ratio method varies in all glenoid parameters and is not valid for consistently quantifying glenoid bone defects even in 3D computed tomography. This must be taken into consideration when determining proper surgical treatment. The degree of glenoid bone loss alone should not be used to decide for or against a bony procedure. Rather, it is more important to define a defect size as "critical" and to also take other patient-specific factors into consideration so that the best treatment option can be undertaken. Application of the "best fitting circle" is a source of error when using the ratio method; therefore, care should be taken when measuring the circle diameter.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.
PMID: 30725122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Hand Surgery)